Hyacynt beans, lablab: cultivation, care and curiosity
Belonging to the Fabaceae family, the hyacynt beans is comprised of only two species. The Lablab (scientific name) is in fact a rare variety, which however finds in the purpureus variety of applications as a plant intended to be used in the kitchen, where it is combined with spices. Widespread especially in India, this plant is actually of African origins. On the continent of provenieza, however, it is decidedly less known. In general, these plants are annual or short-lived perennials.
On the contrary, the wild species appears to be perennial. The stems, particularly robust, are able to reach 6 meters in length. The leaves are composed of three small pointed leaves that can be up to fifteen centimeters long and hairy on the underside. Some cultivars have white flowers, while others may have shades of violet or blue. The fruit is a pod of legumes that varies in shape, size and color. It is usually several centimeters long: from bright violet to pale green, it can contain up to a maximum of four seeds, which in turn can be white, brown, red or black depending on the specific cultivar. Finally, it should be noted that all the fruits of the plant are edible and it finds a main food application.
The hyacynt beans has a very low water requirement. In order to improve irrigation, it is advisable to set some ditches, which will be excavated between the different rows of the plant. This is because, like many species of vegetables, the Egyptian Dolic does not like watering from above. It is also important to regularly weed out all weeds that could end up subtracting important life force from the plant itself. The ideal habitat of the Egyptian Dolic is on the ground of the garden, which must be absolutely rich in humus. Find a perfect exposure in a very sunny place, which allows plants to find the original tropical conditions.
Diseases and cures
This plant can be subject to the action of a pathogen. In order to avoid the damage that the fungus could cause to the plant it is recommended a constant observation of the plant itself and, if you notice the first signs of an infestation or illness, it will be necessary to act in a timely manner, protecting with specific products.
Nowadays, the Hyacynt beans is cultivated mainly as a fodder in the less developed countries. It is certainly among the most used medicinal plants and some of its improper uses. It allows, thanks to its sustainability, to improve the diet of poor countries, while encouraging rural development and optimal land management. Finally, the seeds are used, thanks to their high protein value, to make tofu and tempeh, substitutes for meat.