Arum italicum (light cigaro): the plant that drives away evil spirits

n botany it is known by the name Arum Italicum, although this plant is commonly called wild calla or gigaro. We are talking about a poisonous herbaceous plant that is not rarely used as an ornament both in the garden and in pots. Let’s see together everything there is to know about this particular plant.

Arum Italicum belongs to the Araceae family and is a rustic plant of European origin; it spreads very much in the wild in uncultivated places, but also on the side of the road or in vegetable gardens. Being a perennial plant, also the Gigaro, just like the calla, has a robust and rhizomatous root that is light brown in color.
This plant has a development in height that on average is around 40 cm and with the passage of time it manifests itself with large and dense bushes.
The leaves arise from a leathery petiole which usually develops with a length of 20 cm; they are shiny and very intense green in color and often show white spots. It is during the autumn season that the leaves are born from the tuber, while in the summer they dry out completely. A small peculiarity concerns the size of the leaves: the innermost ones are always longer than the external ones.
The lamina of the leaves is troubled and has wavy and smooth margins. During the spring season, shapely stems appear among the leaves of this plant; the stems have a green-white spathe inflorescence that ends with a yellow apex. From here small white flowers are born. Arum Italicum blooms during the spring season.
The fertilized flowers united in terminal spikes give rise to the fruits of this plant, which are nothing but small berries with a shiny and spherical shape. Initially the berries are green in color, and then turn into beautiful orange – red berries.
Be careful, because the berries of this plant are poisonous.

Cultivation

From the point of view of exposure, Arum Italicum prefers shady or at most semi-shaded environments.

Gigaro is not a plant that can stand the cold and low temperatures. To cultivate this plant it is good to use a soft, drained soil rich in organic substances.

Watering this plant is not particularly tiring: Arum Italicum, in fact, is a plant that is satisfied with rain and therefore should not be watered frequently.

The only precaution to have from this point of view is during the warm seasons, especially in periods when it rains little. For fertilization, the advice is to administer a fertilizer for flowering plants in liquid form or a slow-release granular fertilizer during the spring season.

Diseases and treatments

Being a rustic and wild plant, Arum Italicum is not afraid of many parasites. On the contrary, it is very subject to water stagnation which, in the long run, can cause the roots to rot. In any case, there are two pests to keep under control: the cottony cochineal and the spider mite. To eliminate these two parasites, the advice is to use a cotton swab with alcohol and water; in the most serious cases, however, it is advisable to purchase a natural pesticide.

Curiosity

The scientific name Arum derives from the Greek Aron which means heat. The choice of the name is not accidental: this plant, in fact, when it is in full bloom it can emit heat. The word Italicum, on the other hand, derives from the locality of its first findings.

Like many plants, Arum Italicum also has a history of symbolism and superstition. In Abruzzo, for example, tradition states that the Gigaro is able to keep evil spirits away, to protect newborn children and to give love to the most unfortunate.

In ancient times, the starch extracted from its roots was used to starch the tissues. The rhizome of this plant was also used in medicine for its beneficial properties, in particular for its purgative and expectorant properties. Remember that it is a poisonous plant: ingesting the berries can be very dangerous, especially in children.

Kalanchoe tetraphylla: the plant of good wishes and a new beginning

Kalankoe Tetraphylla, commonly known by the name Calancola, is an ornamental succulent plant with an incredible ornamental effect. It is an indoor plant that boasts colorful and colorful flowers, which make it very decorative indeed. Let’s see together everything there is to know about this plant.

The Calancola belongs to the Crossulaceae family, is of exotic origin and there are 120 different species. This succulent was introduced into the trade at the beginning of the twentieth century and has been the subject of incredible diffusion ever since. Kalankoe Tetraphylla has African origins and in particular comes from Madagascar.

This plant generally has a height of 40 cm and has large, fleshy leaves with a rounded appearance; the leaves meet in a central rosette with a compact shape. One of the most popular features of this plant is the color of the leaves, which are covered with a layer of bloom and are green with the edges tending to purple.

During the flowering period erect stems emerge from the center of the rosette, from which small flowers have life; the latter, tubular in shape, can have different colors: from pink to white, also passing through yellow, orange or red. Calancola blooms in winter and its flowers are similar to those of Echeveria.

Cultivation

As for exposure, Kalankoe Tetraphylla loves bright environments but not exposed to the sun’s rays. In any case, it is good to leave this plant in a place with a temperature not lower than 15 ° C. Calancola loves drained soils, rich in organic substances and adequately soft.

As mentioned, the Calancola blooms in winter. During the winter months it is advisable not to water it, while from the vegetative restart until the autumn season, watering must be occasional: the advice is to water it when the soil is completely dry.

For fertilization it is important to use a specific fertilizer for succulent plants; the advice is to fertilize once every 4 weeks, mixing the fertilizer with water and following the recommended doses on the package. Alternatively, you can use a slow-release granular fertilizer every 60/90 days to be dispensed at the base of the head.

Diseases and treatments in brief

Like most succulents, the Calancola also fears attack by parasites. The main dangers for this plant are:

  • Botrytis fungus, which manifests itself with the presence of necrotic areas and attacks the leaves by covering them with mold.
  • Phytophthora fungus, which causes leaves and stems to wilt and risks rotting the plant.
  • Puccinia fungus, a parasite that develops in conditions of extreme humidity and that manifests itself on the leaves, which are covered with light and soft spots.
  • Mealy cochineal, a parasite that generally proliferates in the lower part of the leaves.

In short, Kalankoe Tetraphylla suffers greatly from humidity, excesses and stagnation of water. To combat the parasites described so far, there are many natural pesticides on the market, completely harmless for the plant and very effective against diseases.

As for plant care, as mentioned, it is very important not to overdo it with water. It is also advisable to dust the leaves periodically using a damp cloth and favoring transpiration. Also remember to always remove dried leaves and flowers.

Curiosity

Not many know this, but Kalankoe Tetraphylla has an interesting symbolic meaning. In fact, many are often used to give a gift to a loved one when they go to live in a new home; this plant is in fact considered a good omen for a new beginning. Being a succulent plant it does not need special care and attention and for this very reason it is very often chosen as a gift to give to people who do not have much time to devote to the green thumb. With its bright and special colors it will be able to give a touch of class to your home!

Color the terrace or garden with pale tradescantia

If you have just purchased a plant that can withstand whatever adversity it is subjected to, then it is probably a plant belonging to the Tradescantia genus, which includes as many as seventy-five types of plants.

The Tradescantia owes its name to John Tradescant the Younger, a Dutch Huguenot naturalist who had the role of gardener in the royal court of Charles I of England. After going to the English colony in America called Virginia, he was able to export numerous plants and crops to Europe, including the Tradescantia, which was very successful not only for its beauty, but also for its high resistance to bad weather, so much so that it took the name of “herb of misery”, precisely because of the few care it needed, even if an eye towards her was never bad. One of the many varieties of this plant is the pallida, coming from Mexico and, to date, it is possible to find it in Southern Italy, although the entire family of plants is native to North America, Central America and the northernmost part of South America. .

The pale Tradescantia has a very particular appearance and varies according to the types, such as the “Purple Heart”, with leaves of a very dark shade of purple and bright pink flowers or the “Variegated Purple Heart”, with streaked purple leaves and lilac flowers, in addition to “Ocampo White”, with white flowers and leaves of the same color as those of grapes.

Cultivation methods

First of all, it is good to create a soil suitable for Tradescantia, that is, one in which the water is able to drain well during watering. A mix of peat, coarse sand and normal garden soil is excellent; the whole is preferable to be placed in terracotta pots, given the fact that they are particularly known for their porosity.

After creating the growing base, it is good to know how to water the pale Tradescantia: The ideal would be to give it more water in the warmer seasons, while its use in autumn and winter should be strictly limited, simply by ensuring that the soil remains a little wet.

As for the seasons, it is good that the plant always remains well lit, but must remain away from direct sunlight, which is not tolerated, as well as cold air, which could damage it in winter. Better to grow Tradescantia pallida in areas where the temperature does not drop below 10 ° Celsius.

Once the plant has been cultivated properly, then you can be ready to make it reproduce by using cuttings, ie fragments of the plant itself adequately cut in the summer months and deprived of leaves in the lower part; only at this point can they be planted in groups of three in a pot with moist soil. Once you have obtained your colorful bushes, it is also good to think about reinforcing them and making them even more luxuriant with adequate summer fertilization. In particular, it is necessary to use a very rich fertilizer, in which magnesium, copper, iron, boron and zinc are present.

Diseases and treatments

The resistance of this plant also concerns diseases, since it is rarely scratched by parasites such as cochineal, but its roots can be affected by fungal growths that can damage it if they are watered excessively, so it is good not to overdo it.

If you notice leaves becoming small, deformed and discolored, then it is very likely that your Tradescantia needs more light exposure, while if there are whitish animals it is likely that you are in the presence of lice; with these or with cochineal it is always good to use specific pesticides.

That said, it is definitely a great plant for both indoors and outdoors even if you don’t have too much time to take care of it.

Jacobaea leucophylla: the flower with decongestant properties

When we talk about Jacobaea Leucophylla we usually refer to a variety belonging to the dicotyledonous spermatophytes, of the Asteraceae family. The appearance is quite common, since they are ebaceae characterized by a yellow flower similar to the daisy that blooms annually and grows spontaneously without the need for special precautions. It is possible to attribute its origin to the Island of Cape Verde, from which it probably derives its name taken from the classification as S. Jago.

Alternatively, the name could be a reference to St. James, according to a more romantic and less practical legend. The plant usually develops several centimeters in height, reaching as much as 10 dm in the alpine variant. The main feature of the variety is that it is a perennial crop, which keeps its base all year round and then blooms only in spring.

The underground root consists essentially of a rhizome, while the epigeal part is erect and ascending. The basal leaves are always present, while the caulinary ones are arranged according to an alternation criterion.

Cultivation

Jacobaea Leucophylla is a decidedly resistant plant, able to easily withstand low temperatures and to grow even in the mountains when the frost develops in the mountains.

The ideal condition is to place the shrub in a slightly sheltered area, perhaps covered and protected from wind and rain so that it can develop more easily. The floral axis remains straight and erect for most of the time, until various inflorescences appear which color the structure yellow, usually in large numbers to create corymbose formations.

There are numerous species in nature, some with a more woody base and others aquatic, capable of developing in total autonomy even in conditions of high humidity.

The cultivation of the woody type is therefore quite simple and requires regular but not too abundant watering, especially in the winter period when the simultaneous presence of water and frosts could be very harmful for growth and development.

Diseases and treatments

Like many plants, Jacobaea Leucophylla is also very afraid of parasites of a fungal nature, which can cause serious diseases for the stem.

There is a tendency for this to rot at the root level, making it impossible to survive.

The advice is to keep the wood species as sheltered from humidity as possible, using special natural measures to prevent such microorganisms from undermining its health.

Curiosity

According to some experts, Jacobaea Leucophylla has discrete decongestant properties, especially as regards a delicate area such as the ocular one. For this reason it is often used in herbal medicine to create infusions to be placed directly on the area to allow it to burn out in a short time.
Its wide diffusion throughout the Mediterranean basin makes it easy to find and its frequent use even at home.

Kalmia: characteristics, care and curiosity

Enriching your garden with Kalmia is an original idea, which is also functional: it is a perennial and ornamental plant that allows you to recreate truly suggestive scenarios thanks to the size and colors of the flowers. In particular, Kalmia is an evergreen acidophilic plant that is part of the ericaceae family, coming from some territories of North America. Kalmia is highly appreciated for leaves that are dark green in color and have a tapered, in some ways oval shape. Among other things, it develops forming shrubs of considerable size and with a series of branches capable of covering important spaces. The ideal is to play best with these characteristics to get a real scenography inside the garden, also thanks to the flowers that are grouped in clusters of color ranging from pink to white. What is interesting from an aesthetic point of view is that these flowers have a sort of segments inside that make them appear as if they had been embroidered with great skill.

Cultivation methods

The cultivation of kalmia is quite simple, the important thing is to place it in a specific area in order to satisfy its characteristics. Being native to the northern areas of America, it needs a green space where the temperatures are not excessive, otherwise you risk getting them burned within a few days. They are especially suitable for areas where the temperatures during the summer are not excessive, while it does not represent a problem for freezing winters. From a soil point of view, it is necessary to choose an area in which there is an acid pH of at least 6.5 and well drained. If you want to grow this plant in a pot to place it on the terrace, perhaps on the balcony, you can choose a universal soil in combination with peat and pumice stone. The only aspect that must be absolutely met in cultivation is to provide fairly frequent watering, especially during the spring and summer months. You must also be very careful during the flowering period: the advice is to prefer rainwater or distilled water whenever possible. As regards fertilization during the summer period, a liquid fertilizer must be provided at least once every three weeks which must be diluted with water during watering.

Diseases and treatments

Like many other types of plants, Kalmia too unfortunately has to deal with various parasites and pathologies: it can be attacked by a disease known as white malady in which whitish powders are seen on the leaves which have the main consequence of compromising the growth. It can also deal with root rot that leads to death by asphyxiation and yellowing of the leaves caused by a very acid pH soil. The most appropriate treatments to avoid all this provide during the winter period the protection of the lower part of the plant with straw mulch. If, on the other hand, you realize that the leaves are turning yellow, you need to insert a solution of iron sulphate into the soil, always choosing rainwater for watering.

Curiosity

Among the curiosities related to Kalmia, it should be emphasized that it is a poisonous and toxic plant for both humans and animals. In short, we must avoid that in some way it can be ingested.

Hosta: the long-lived plant

Hostas are herbaceous plants consisting of a decorative design, classified for cultivation in order to embellish borders and flower beds. These plants are native to China and Japan and belong to the Liliaceae family, also called Agavaceae: they are particularly famous for their expanded and dense foliage. Specifically, their lanceolate leaves have various colors depending on the species of the Hosta: it is in fact possible that they have a bluish, green or yellowish color. These leaves have ribs parallel to each other.
Hosta flowers, on the other hand, are characterized by erect stems and are fragrant and bell-shaped, managing to attract attention thanks to their leaves gathered in violet or white spikes. The flowers that are open instead correspond to small lilies characterized by brown stamens and pistils.

Hosta cultivation

Hostas prefer semi-shady places, as they do not tolerate direct sun. Furthermore, it is recommended to cultivate these plants in soft, moist or mixed soils, which must still be rich in organic substances and well drained in order to have satisfactory results.
As for watering, it is normally recommended to increase the frequency of watering during the summer, without causing any water stagnation. During autumn and winter the amount of water to be given to the hostas must be reduced. In order to cultivate them optimally, it is recommended to use slow-release or organic fertilizers, especially for green Hostas. These plants reproduce through the division of the tufts during the spring and through the seeds in late winter. To improve the conditions of your plants, it is possible to store them in sufficiently large pots that allow the roots that grow outside them to pass through special drainage holes: this procedure is normally carried out during the spring.

Hosta Diseases and Treatments

There are various diseases that can affect hostas plants, and among these are fungal diseases, such as those of gray mold. It is also good to pay attention to snails, which can eat or otherwise corrode the leaves. In order to solve the problem, it is possible to use special antifungal treatments or snail killers in the appropriate periods.

Curiosities of the Hostas

Hostas are known for their longevity, as they can live for more than forty years, which is why they are popular with gardeners.

Dianella: characteristics, care and curiosity

Of Australian origin, rich in foliage, full of delicate flowers, dianella is one of the most loved plants by creators and garden lovers around the world. Easy to grow, long lasting, it is a plant that gives a fantastic effect when placed in a garden. Let’s see together what are its peculiarities.

1. main features

Dianella is a herbaceous plant, originally from Australia, which is part of the Hemerocallidaceae family. Its maximum height is 50 cm and therefore it is often used to fill and cover gardens and flower beds. Its dimensions are quite small, on average 40 cm high and with a maximum diameter of 100-150 cm. Its main feature is resistance to cold temperatures, even if its vegetation is very slow and at least 2-5 years of vegetation are required to reach the maximum development. It can be grown in pots, in the ground or inside a garden, in fact, being small but very voluminous, it is well suited to fill the voids of our gardens or terraces. Its leaves are long and thin and variegated on the sides with cream-colored streaks. In spring it is possible to notice the appearance of small greenish-white flowers from which dark blue berries develop in late autumn.

2. cultivation

The cultivation of Dianella tasmanica must be done using a type of chalky and sandy soil, with some clayey components. In fact, if you want to obtain good vegetation results, the choice of soil is essential, but the correct drainage of the soil is equally important. In fact, humidity is the enemy of the vegetation of this plant, so it will be necessary to monitor the degree of humidity in the subsoil to always keep it at the right Ph level. The ideal pH for the cultivation of dianella is an alkaline, neutral and acidic pH. The dianella is a plant that grows correctly regardless of exposure, so it can be placed in full sun, or even in dim light, although it is always preferable to expose it to the sun for an abundant number of hours. It resists temperature variations very well and adapts well to various growing conditions. It does not require great attention during cultivation, it is necessary to respect the needs of the plant in terms of irrigation and drainage. Watering should be done at least every 1-2 weeks with a few glasses of water. Do not over-water the plant to avoid the onset of fungal diseases.

3. Diseases and treatments in brief

To avoid creating suffering for the plant due to poor nutrition, it is good to fertilize and nourish the plant with a soil rich in nutrients. Excess water could also generate fungi and parasites that could destroy the plant. It is good to know that perennials are subject to periods of vegetative rest, in such months it is preferable not to water them. It is important to properly drain the soil to avoid the onset of fungal diseases and do not proceed with further watering if the soil is not completely dry.

4. curiosity

The dianella in addition to being an ornamental plant, perfect for enriching our gardens, is also a useful plant for the indigenous Australian populations. Not everyone knows that in fact, since ancient times, indigenous Australians wove their baskets with dianella leaves. They created real ornamental weaves with this foliage, to create one of the most used tools within the tribe. In the West it is imported and used above all to create the famous architectural and spectacular gardens that have depopulated in the West for years. Today this long-leaved plant is mainly used in parks and gardens to create that neutral “carpet” on which to place one’s most precious flowers.

Asclepias curassavica: the budgie plant

Among the various species of plants belonging to the Apocynaceae family, worthy of mention is the one with the botanical name Asclepias curassavica. Specifically, it is a herbaceous and perennial specimen that has its origins in the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America. Among other things, this plant grows from June to October with a height between 30 and 90 centimeters and has red-orange flowers with a yellow cap. Asclepias curassavica has a much longer flowering period than the winter-resistant perennial, and typically grows as a shrub on erect stems covered with pointed, opposite and lanceolate leaves. Their color is medium green at times with white central ribs. The flowers, on the other hand, are very showy with five sepals and as many lobes that appear in rounded axillary clusters from late spring to early summer. On the sidelines, it should also be added that the flowers are followed by long and narrow pods that open when ripe, releasing seeds with a silky tail due to wind dispersal.

The cultivation of Asclepias curassavica

The flowers of Asclepias curassavica are very resistant to winter so much so that in some places around the world it is grown as an annual plant. Having said that, it should also be added that this specimen is planted every year from seed in pots for a period of 8-10 weeks before the date of spring frost. Asclepias curassavica grows best in light, rich, uniformly moist, well-drained soils and in full sun, although it tolerates penumbra well. These plants are known to be weeds in their native tropical habitats and in warm winter areas like the Deep South, where they self-seed quite abundantly. However, they can be cut and pruned indoors in bright and sunny places during the winter. This shows that it can also be grown as an indoor plant in full sun, with regular watering during the growing season and with reduced irrigation in a cool place in winter.

Diseases and treatments

Growing Asclepias curassavica at home or in a garden is very easy, thanks above all to the very few difficulties associated with insects or serious diseases. The only real problem is that being a bit grassy, it can spread like patches due to self-seeding. The aphids are in any case to be kept under control as well as the possible presence of sooty mold that can develop precisely because of the aforementioned insects must be monitored. On the sidelines, the advice in this regard is to wear gloves when working with these plants, as the milky sap is poisonous if ingested it can be toxic to the skin. Organic pesticides available in nurseries and on the best online stores can prove useful in avoiding the aforementioned problems.

Curiosity

The name of the aforementioned plant honors the Greek god Asklepios or that of medicine, while the word curassavica means Curacao or an island of the Dutch Antilles in the southern Caribbean Sea. From a strictly aesthetic point of view it is important to know that the leaves and flowers of this plant are very attractive and therefore ideal for decorating flower beds, borders, cottages, lawns and gardens. Finally, it should be added that the flowers can also be cut and displayed at home in a centerpiece precisely because of their undisputed beauty and color tone.

Anigozanthos: The paws of a kangaroo

Anigozanthos flavidus is a plant belonging to the Haemodoraceae family commonly called kangaroo paws, and from this it is clear that it is native to the southwestern corner of Australia. Furthermore it is a perennial, evergreen specimen that grows from a short horizontal rhizome. Typically it has a basal rosette shape (up to 7 cm in height and equally wide), with thin, arched, belt-shaped, medium green leaves and each 7 cm in length and 5 in width. From the latter, leafless flowering stems rise that can reach a height of between 30 and 180 centimeters, with panicles of greenish-yellow tubular flowers (but sometimes pink or red) that resemble the aforementioned kangaroo legs. The flowers are also covered with velvety hairs, and outside bloom mainly from spring to autumn.

The cultivation of Anigozanthos

Growing Anigozanthos in a garden therefore in an outdoor setting is very easy, since it is a winter-resistant plant that grows well both in full sun and in dim light. However, it is essential to create beds with rich, uniformly moist, well-drained and preferably sandy soils. Among other things, this plant is very afraid of icy gusts of wind, so adequate protection is recommended to prevent stems from breaking due to the decidedly large length. As regards the watering, it must be said that they must be regular but always respectful of the humidity factor, as the excess of water could cause the root system to rot irremediably. On the sidelines, it is also important to underline that if the green context is located in a very rainy area, to optimize the drainage of the soil it is advisable to add vermiculite or peat tablets (whole or chopped) or gravel.

Diseases and treatments

Cultivating Anigozanthos does not create many problems since the diseases this plant can incur are rather minimal, but it is still susceptible to attacks by aphids and in particular to powdery mildew. The latter is a fungal disease that affects a wide variety of plants, and when the spores begin to take over, a clearly visible layer of mold forms on the upper part of the leaves. Powdery mildew can, among other things, slow down the growth of the plant and, if the infection is serious enough, it will redefine its yield in terms of lush flowering. To avoid using chemical fungicides, however, available in nurseries and on the best online stores that sell gardening products, you can opt for do-it-yourself substances such as sodium bicarbonate which, diluted in water, is sprayed on the affected parts. from powdery mildew.

Curiosity

Anigozanthos is the name of this botanical genus which derives from the Greek words anoigo which means to open and anthos which stands for flower. Having said that, it should be emphasized that although the plant has flowers erect on very long stems, this does not preclude the possibility of cutting them and displaying them in a home centerpiece. On the sidelines it should also be added that Anigozanthos is an attractive ornamental flowering plant, and therefore ideal for enriching a verdant setting with colors, be it a lawn, a flower bed or a border.

Catalpa: the cigar tree


The Catalpa plant better known as the cigar tree, is one of the most popular specimens in European and Italian gardens in particular. Its name refers in particular to the elongated shape of its fruits, very similar to cigars, with a thin and long shape up to 40 cm. The choice generally falls on this type of vegetation because it guarantees particularly rich flowering from spring to autumn. This plant is appreciated above all for its dual decorative and fruitful function, in fact, in addition to generating splendid flowers, it is possible to collect very particular fruits. It is also a tree that has numerous varieties, from the golden variety with golden-green leaves, to the purple variety, with flowers characterized by purple spots, very characteristic.

The plant is rich in large, broad leaves with a bright green color. Its presence in a garden therefore provides the right contribution both in aesthetic terms and in terms of comfort, giving pleasant shaded areas for reading or resting. The catalpa is a large tree with deciduous foliage, it originates from North America. It looks like a tree with a short stem but with many branches. Its very thick crown is usually large and rounded, while its bark is very dark and with very deep wrinkles. The catalpa has a sudden growth but despite this it has a very long life, think that the longest-lived specimens can reach heights of about 8-10 meters. Particular is its flowering in late spring, in this period in fact the catalpa produces white bell-shaped flowers with small orange shades. With an intense aroma, its flowers are of a unique beauty, at the end of the flowering period the plant produces pods rich in non-deciduous seeds.

Exposure and care

The catalpa tree must be planted or placed in bright and very sunny areas, in fact this plant loves the shaded areas very much even if it develops without problems in semi-shaded areas. This type of vegetation is not afraid of the cold and they react well enough to areas where there are cold and rigid trees. Usually the catalpa is planted in the period of October or November if we are in the garden, in the harvest of March or April if it is potted vegetation. Its flowering period is expected from May to August, with due exceptions for the different varieties. The fruits, on the other hand, develop in autumn and persist until spring. It is advisable to provide for an accurate but not aggressive pruning of the plant in the period from February to April, in any case before the plant starts its vegetative period.

· Watering

The catalpa does not need large or frequent watering and reacts well to places or periods of drought. Generally, if it is placed outside, natural watering due to summer or spring rains is sufficient. If you want a rich and flourishing flowering it is good to fertilize the plant in the months of April and July, to support the plant in its moment of maximum vegetation.

Illnesses

It is foreseeable that caterpillars or mining larvae can infect the plant, feeding on its foliage. We recommend the use of natural, organic products for the treatment of these infections. The diseases that most frequently affect this plant such as powdery mildew and verticillosis can be avoided, in fact precautions such as reducing the stagnation of water in the soil or treating the tree with sulfur products can remedy this problem.

Curiosity

Catalpa is a plant famous above all for its fruits, with a particular shape. In addition, one of the curiosities about the properties of this plant concerns the use that was made in the past. From the extract of bark, leaves, roots and fruits of the catalpa it is possible to extract a substance that has enormous sedative and antiseptic properties for our body. In ancient times this substance was also ideal for treating asthma or pertussis.