The first traces of the presence of roses in the world can be placed even in twenty million years ago with the presence of fossils of leaves, buds and spines found in the United States, Japan, Germany and France! Clearly, then, those were only a few roses with petals and flowers refined that we see in our gardens in the modern era.
Throughout history the rose assumed increasingly important significance from the point of view of religious decoration: remember the fact is mentioned in the Bible, especially in the crucifixion of Jesus (the crown). Roses are also become decorative elements in the palaces: the gardens of Pompeii and Herculaneum they were filled while the rest of Europe and the world, both for the spread of Christianity and for the practice of collecting, was growing spread of pink. Even Martin Luther, a symbol of Protestantism of the ‘500 had adopted as a symbol of the brotherhood of the Rosicrucians! With the Renaissance opened a new concept of seeing and thinking is the gardens that roses and, thanks to this, new hybrids were born, new species and new roses also came from the east with new colors, the work that went on, in a certain way throughout the twentieth century. Nowadays, despite the efforts, you are a bit ‘losing the beauty of some species to protect them from disease and to focus on fragrances thus risking to lose and to extinguish some species to favor the fashions …
The rose is a flower easy to grow and just to keep alive, provided they followed a few simple rules and to comply with its times, pruning and, of course watering. The rose you buy with the root at the nursery or in any online store (there will come pretty packed) and goes planting in the fall or late winter. Depending on the size of its roots try to quantify the spaces but, if you wish, you can put it in pots or in any case, consider (whether in the garden) that the living space at the sides should be 20-30 cm. then if it comes to climbing roses that you hope to last for a long maybe get organized with a grilled or scaffold so that it can climb over time. The rose has different blooms throughout the year and, if the temperature allows it, the last occurs even in late December and starts again at the end of winter! Treated well and your roses, they will give you great satisfaction! Also remember the position: the light is critical as for all the plants and then make sure they are in the position of the sun least 6/8 hours a day and, in consequence, keep them watered especially during the driest of ensuring soak the base of the plant and not the flower directly.
The period of pruning is a speech which held large open discussions between the different currents of the gardeners to which I asked about it: there’s a school of thought that argues that the rose goes pruned spring, before they explode large blooms, so then the plant grows quickly and is even more beautiful. The other school of thought argues that the rose should be pruned in the fall when, theoretically, everything goes dormant and the plant looks a bit ‘, will grow quickly and even more beautiful!
In any case, I believe it is the method the most important thing to follow: shortened as well as you want and without fear, so everything will grow back! the important thing is to cut 3/4 cm above the gem that you decide to set as the cut point.
Climbing Roses: This is among the variety that the more you make “see” in the gardens because they sprout and grow to incredible heights that allow it to cover entire walls with solid colors and fascinating. They are easy to grow and very resistant, for this fit very well to the less experienced gardener.
Ancient Rose: These are varieties of hybrids created by fans and, for this reason, they are often kept in gardens away from the general public. These roses have fragrances and perfumes intense and include some plant species such as Gallica, the Rose Bourbon, Rugosa, Centifolia and others.
Schrub Roses: as many varieties they are very easy to grow and also resistant. They are perfect to adorn the gardens but do not deny for growing in pots. The best known is certainly the will vary Nevada.
Botanical Roses: represented by more than 100 different species are perhaps the most popular and widespread in the world. Do not forget the particular therapeutic uses that some species include among these as the Rose Gallica that is used for syrups or Centifolia for the preparation of perfumed essence.
Hybrid Tea Roses: these roses are born between the end of ‘800 and’ 900 from a cross between tea roses and a hybrid perpetual.
Miniature Roses: The characteristic of these roses is almost entirely contained in the reduced dimensions that make them, for this reason, much more fascinating compared to larger ones. If you decide to grow them take into consideration the fact that their growth in pots may not always be lush and might tend to weaken after a few years. A sort of miniature roses very nice is the Baby goldstar.
In the market there are also other types of roses as interesting as the Chinese Rose, the Rose postmodern, the sarmentose less common in our gardens but still beautiful to see and collect.