Benefits and cultivation of the monarda

What is Monarda?

The monarda is a perennial herbaceous plant from North America that, being part of the Lamiaceae family, is cultivated both to decorate the gardens or other where it is located, thanks to the beauty of its very fragrant flowers, and to the beneficial effects of its leaves .

The vegetation in question, known as the flower of the Bergamot, manages to reach about a meter in height and in a short time forms compact, dense, extremely decorative bushes, with a dark green color.

How is the monarda made up?

The monarda is composed of:

– a robust rhizomatous root from which straight herbaceous stems with quadrangular section are born, submerged by a luxuriant foliage;

– multiple dark green lance-shaped leaves, slightly rough, serrated at the edges, with pointed apex and aromatic, so that, if they were to be rubbed, they would give off a very pleasant perfume, similar to that of Mint;

– particularly odorous flowers which, during the period of flowering, blossoming on the top of the stems, have a spherical shape with pink, white and red bratee.

The monarda is a type of vegetation which, during the whole summer, produces abundant blooms, prefers sunny areas, but manages to develop perfectly even semi-shadowed places, tolerating the cold and suffering excessive heat.

Cultivation of the monarda

The monarda, which develops perfectly in any type of soil, prefers the well-drained, soft and rich in organic matter and suffers if planted inside a compact and heavy substrate, to the point that after a while it dies because it is suffocated.

It is a plant that, preferring a well-fertilized earth, from autumn to vegetative growth, every 2/3 months, wants to be watered regularly every 3/4 days only in spring, summer and autumn, while in winter it does not like irrigation .

What is prepared by the monarda?

The leaves, due to their aroma similar to bergamot, are dried and used after the harvest to be able to prepare multiple food and non-food products, such as perfumed pouches, essential oils with antibacterial, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antifungal capabilities, soft drinks and Osweg tea comparable to the Chinese one is particularly aromatic, but with a bitter taste, so that not everyone likes to drink it.

It is good to know that this particular flavor, due to a substance, called thymol, present in the foliage of the reasoned plant, is similar to the strange but special combination of flavor, created by peppermint and oregano.

Benefits of the monarda on human health

It must be taken into account that the monarda, besides being an odorous and ornamental plant, is also officinal since it contains monardine (anthocyanins), thymol, carvacrol (phenols and essential oil) and tannin and bitter substances.

There are many benefits that the monarda, with its precious properties, provides the body with, such as:

– the prevention and treatment of colds;

– antipyretic action;

– the fight and treatment of oral infections, the neck region and headache;

– myorelaxant, anti-spasmotic and anti-inflammatory action;

– grandiose reliefs on severe pain, colic and itching caused by mosquito and other insect bites;

– antifungal activity;

– the stimulating action on the organism and that against the various skin infections;

– the fight against the accumulation of gas present in the stomach and intestines, nausea and heartburn;

– hair care and stimulation.

In addition, the monarda, also used to treat depressive syndromes, is able to alleviate diarrhea and constipation, to calm burns, to heal various wounds, sprains, fractures and bruises and to act against urinary tract infections such as cystitis.

The benefits of the aconithum

What is the aconithum?

Aconithum is a plant that, growing spontaneously in mountain forests, in various locations in Europe and, precisely in the areas most exposed to the cold north winds, is part of the Ranuncolaceae family.

This type of vegetation is also present in Italy and is considered one of the most toxic among the many scattered in the mountainous areas of the Alps.

Aconithum is a small sapling which, reaching a height of about one and a half meters, presents itself with characteristic flowers, easily identifiable by their particular form with a helmet and by their enchanting dark blue color.

It is a plant considered harmful for its root which contains a basic organic nitrogenous substance, that is able to form with acids, compounds generally dangerous for human health, even if, in small doses, capable of having healing properties.

This powerful and particularly toxic alkaloid is called aconitine from which the name of the vegetable subject of the argument derives and which from the Greek akòniton means poisonous plant.

History and curiosity of the aconithum

In the Homeric era, the aconithum was known for its high harmfulness and the ancient Greeks and especially the Germans and the Gauls used it for evil and war purposes.
It is mentioned in history that the substance produced by the vegetable in question, served, for example, to poison the tips of spears and arrows before fighting.

In addition, the argumentated plant, mentioned in the works of Shakespeare, and screened by popular beliefs, by many men, as by the historian Schafer Christoph and in some films, such as werewolves, Dracula, The Vampire Diaries, Teen Wolf and Harry Potter, it would have been, for example the substance with which Medea and Egeo tried to poison Theseus, what served to kill the queen Cleopadra and what was used to ward off vampires.

What is aconithum used for?

Aconithum thanks to the aconitic contained in it has decongestant effects on the respiratory, antineuralgic and anti-gout apparatus and is useful in the case in which the body manifests inflammation due to the cold with fever, anxiety and psychomotor restlessness.

It can well be affirmed that the active principle of the plant in question can be used to solve or, let alone alleviate multiple conditions, such as:

– hyperemic and dry skin;

– arterial hypertension;

– pains and tingling in the lower limbs;

– cooling from dry and cold air;

– precordialgia and cardiac excitations caused by anxiety;

– breathing difficulties with feelings of tightness in the chest caused by excessive coughing;

– states of tanatophobia and anxiety;

– hypoesthesia spread in the left arm;

– pains from angina pectoris.

Aconitum as a perfect anxiolytic

The aconitum can be considered a classic remedy to be used in cases where you feel particularly fearful and distressed, to the point of thinking about the death that is coming and in the early stages of a heart attack, as an emergency procedure, just to calm the patient, reducing his panic and dampening the feeling of the imminent catasfrofe.

In fact, it is good to know that this provision is not at all decisive for coronary problems, so much so that if they were to occur they would have to go, running to the hospital, possibly after having administered the anxiolytic of which we are arguing.

The aconitum should be used if there were tremors, convulsions, strong palpitations, pains, congestions and insolations, emotional and mental shocks, difficulty in breathing and hypertensive crises, not due to pathologies but to natural conditions, intimately inserted in the brain of those who are sick .

The benefits of arnica

Arnica is a herbaceous plant which, belonging to the Composite family, develops spontaneously in the Alpine and pre-Alpine regions, such as in the Dolomites, in the Trentino Alps, in the Stelvio National Park and in other places comparable in climate and soil to these quoted.

This ornamental herb for its beauty and medicine for the curative substances contained in it prefers wet mountain soils, and in addition to the places previously outlined, it can be found in the temperate zones of North America, in many regions of central Europe and in Siberia

It is a perennial herbaceous plant, not extremely tall, which has oval leaves and vivid flowers, pleasantly and aromatically scented, with an orange-yellow color and very similar to daisies.

What is derived from arnica and what are its healing abilities?

From the constituent parts of the arnica we obtain extraordinary essential oils, allies of well-being.

The plant of which we are arguing, since ancient times has been used so much for its multiple healing capacities.

It has always been established that it acts perfectly on external traumas, having anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving and antiseptic properties.

In fact, thanks to two chemicals that contains dihydroelenaline and elenalina, it reduces inflammation and eliminates bacteria.

The active ingredients of the plant in question have beneficial effects on vomiting, nausea and hemorrhoids and in cases where tendinitis, haematomas, surgery, severe wounds and back pain occur.

Arnica produces an extraordinary painkiller that, not being an allopathic drug, is suitable for those who do not tolerate pain and do not want to suffer any side effects related to medicines.

Its flowers, very similar to the daisy, both in shape and color, make up that part used in herbal medicine and in herbal medicine.
For example, those fresh and not dried are used to prepare infusions, to treat, through compresses, boils, hematomas, bruises and inflammations and the ingenuated ointment is used to cure the Fire of St. Anthony.

Why is arnica used?

The active ingredients of arnica, ie triterpenes, flavonoids and sesquiterpene lactones are the components that create its multiple properties, such as antimicrobials, anti-inflammatory, circulation stimulants and painkillers.

It is advisable to always take the product obtained only externally, because it was found that the internal use, in medicinal doses, causes gastric irritation and other colletral effects, so that oral treatments are carried out only through homeopathic dilutions of the remedy.

Arnica, used above all in the form of ointments, creams or gels, as well as being useful in cases of sprains, hematomas, distortions and superficial phlebitis and to decrease the pain caused, for example by falls and bumps, favors the reabsorption of bruises.

Furthermore, it can be used against arthrosis, joint and muscle suffering, insect bites, chapped lips, acne, sore throat and other ailments, often in the form of a homeopathic remedy.

In addition, thanks to some substances it contains, it guarantees cardiac stimulation, counteracting the pressure drops due to meteorological variations and relieving the typical pain of angina pectoris.

Each arnica-based preparation is able to work perfectly to eradicate or even alleviate what has been written so far, although it is only applied externally.

Zengiber Spectabile: the plant with antimicrobiotic properties

Zingiber spectabile is a perennial herbaceous plant, which can be defined as a true ginger species. The branch of the plant can reach heights from 2 to 3.5 meters, but in optimal conditions it reaches up to 4.5 meters. The green shoots are slightly flattened, swollen at the base and their lower section without leaves is about one meter long. The leaves, arranged in two rows, sit in the lower part very distant, densely crowded towards the upper part of the branch.
The species is found in tropical East Asia, particularly in Malaysia and Thailand. It grows in the evergreen tropical rainforest, but also in the secondary forest and at the edge of the forest.

Cultivation methodologies

This plant is mainly grown in the West as an ornamental plant, although it has been used for years in Southeast Asia as a medicinal herb. It grows in rich, well-drained soil, with water retention in filtered sunlight and high humidity. It can be planted directly inside a heated greenhouse or in an indoor container
Propagation can take place by seed or by division of well-established plants at the beginning of spring, or by separating and replanting sections of rhizome 15-20 cm long in spring or early summer. They do not tolerate frost and cold.
Plants require medium to filtered sunlight and plenty of space in the garden or in a large container; however, direct sunlight can burn the leaves. The soil must be kept constantly moist. Basically, the ideal cure of the  Zengiber spectabile will have to be a sort of imitation of what it would naturally receive in its area of origin: indirect light and high levels of humidity. Plants will flower in most areas from July to November.

Diseases and treatment in short

Plants of Zengiber spectabile can be afflicted by the most common parasites such as: ants, aphids and cochineals. An insecticide spray will help fight these pests easily. However, if we want to avoid using chemicals, we can take advantage of some plants that repel these insects in a completely natural way, such as fake kidney nettle, geranium, garlic, aster, marigold, chrysanthemum and mint, which are known to ward off ants and other garden pests. Plant these plants around the speculable Zengiber to offer them greater protection.
Otherwise, as long as the environmental conditions that this plant prefers are respected, it is often grown in greenhouses; in this case, the parasite to which it is exposed is the red spider mite of the greenhouse, which can be problematic. However, generally these insects are not carriers of diseases in this species.


Academic research has recently discovered that the plant Zengiber spectabile has antimicrobial properties mainly due to the significant concentration of the enzyme synthase zerumbone, which can be very effective in the treatment of colon cancer.

Cultivation, meaning and benefits of the hawthorn

Ideal to decorate the garden, the hawthorn belongs to Rosaceae family because of its flowers that resemble small simple white roses. Its origins are not well defined since it is a species with vast types of specimens and define its exact origin, however, it is not simple.


Hawthorn is a plant easy to grow because tolerate very well at low temperatures and can be planted in the garden, preferably in a sunny or semi-shaded area where it can have few hours of sun each day.

If you decide to fertilize the ideal is probably a slow release fertilizer that allows the plant to be nurtured gradually throughout the spring / summer period.

Same goes for irrigation that should be abundant especially in the warmer months.

The pruning instead must be considered only for cleaning the hawthorn already in itself, it tends to assume a rounded shape. Keep in mind also that, in autumn, instead of flowers appear small red berries, very useful to the nourishment of many bird species. Prune too much would therefore remove the food to other species.

Benefits of howthorn

Always hawthorn is known for its herbal / medicinal and its benefits to the  heart, digestive and relaxing. Both the leaves and the flowers have flavoinoids which are antioxidants that help the cardiovascular system, fight high blood pressure and facilitate the cleaning of arteries by cholesterol.

Hawthorn is also suitable for people with heart problems such as arrhythmias or tachycardia and insomnia problems thanks to its sedative action that counteracts disturbances of this kind.


Meaning of the Howthorn

Hawthorn has very deep meanings and interesting: the term derives from the greek kratos, ie strength, oxus, and anthos which means flower.

Give it to the wedding is meant for protection and support as well as purity because of its white color.

The old beliefs tell that the places where it grows hawthorn were areas where they met fairies and good spirits, for this, steal today twigs, can be a cause of misfortune.

Agave: the plant of tequila which aids digestion

There is a story behind every plant and there is a different, her its life cycle especially compared to the continent where the plant itself has grown.

It’s ‘the case dell’Agave where has a past, a present and, definitely a future in the warm Mexican lands, where it is known as the Tequila plant and hand is still grown and processed in spite of the evolution of technology and working with machines.

Grown and processing in Mexico

The plant is processed by Jimadores handed down through generations of knowledge on cultivation techniques of this precious element of nature. It’s important to collect the plant at the right time as it could not contain the right amount of carbohydrates for good fermentation.

The cut plant is put in the ovens and then shredded. under a big wheel.

After this process get a first agave juice that is poured in large wooden vats or steel and left to ferment for a few days before it starts the actual production of tequila through the distillers., Bottling and, finally, ‘aging (if necessary).

Benefits and properties

The agave, as well as for the production of tequila, is a useful plant to medical / herbal level to about its benefits and its beneficial properties.

In addition to containing vitamins B and C, the agave is rich in iron, calcium, phosphorus and many important amino acids, so its sap is used as a supplement and to combat gastritis.

With the infusion of agave, obtained from the dried leaves have digestive properties, while using the same infusion as a compress you can have good results against irritation.

Passion flower: the flower of passion that cures the anxiety

His incredible shape and its colors are just his business card if you consider what hides magnificent this extraordinary and delicate flower.

Nicknamed the “Passion Flower”, the passion flower has spread around the world with about 460 different species and for this, before you decide to grow them, pay attention to the choice of checking if what you’re buying is an ornamental species best suited to the climates hot (and maybe the interior) or even to the winter weather.


Passionflower has tropical origins therefore requires climates not too rigid. The winter crop is only recommended if you live in mild areas. In any case, make sure that the plant is not exposed to current and

the exposure is sunny and if possible, try to create a trellis so that the plant can “climb.”

Watering, as usual, will have to be more abundant in summer, goes down with decreasing temperature.

Its fruits, in warmer countries, are used to obtain a juice (passion fruit) that is very thirst-quenching and refreshing

Benefits of passionflower

The medicinal properties of Passionflower have truly amazing historical roots! Already the Aztecs used it, and I had discovered the relaxing properties, while, many years later, during World War II, the Passionflower became one of the cures to heal the fighters from “anxiety” and the psychological problems caused by the conflict.

In practice, the use of herbal Passionflower through infusions and the like, has always favored the treatment of anxiety, insomnia and many disorders related to the nervous system.

NB: Always check any contraindications with your doctor or herbalist trust!

Aloe vera: cultivation, benefits and other species of an incredible plant

All we hear about it often during off commercials, in the form of natural beauty products. Actually this plant, that many grow at home, has unique properties in many ways: to begin with has anti-polluting ability that can be very useful for those who live in large urban centers and fits well in the domestic context.


The cultivation should not be particularly difficult: just let her take a few hours of sunlight a day, ensuring that thesoil is watered only when it becomes dry. Leave it outdoors in warmer weather, and bring it indoors when it’s cold outside, making sure It have a bit ‘of light.


From every part of the Aloe vera you can be drawn as many interesting benefits: the mucilage of the leaves, for example, are derived refreshing powers, antioxidants, moisturizers and anti-inflammatory. From the sap that covers the same leaves are extracted instead detoxifying properties.

Many know also the properties, purifying and soothing aloe and, not only that, there are ointments and creams with aloe that have soothing and calming properties.

Other species of Aloe

  • Aloe arborescens is a plant of easy cultivation that can grow up to 2 to 3 meters in height and, therefore, is less suitable for growing in pots. It has less fleshy leaves than the aloe vera and orange colors flowers.
  • Aloe ferox is very similar to aloe vera but has red rosettes sprouting up. Its form can, however, vary according to the area in which it is grown.
  • Aloe perfoliata has many more small, fleshy leaves that may become reddish according to the area in which the plant is grown. Much loved by collectors, the perfoliata is also recognized by the thorns present on the leaves.

The benefits of geranium

The flowers in general, know how to win for their color, scent and shape. Many times, however, to discover the flowers hide incredible benefits and useful to human beings who do not reside only in the ‘use “aesthetic”. The geranium, for example, is now widespread in essential oils for loads of features and beneficial properties of which enjoys: in aromatherapy is used to obtain re-balancing effects on the nervous system especially at the level antidepressant. It also has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and toning can give results on the liver and kidneys. In practice, geranium oil, can help fight inflammation in the oral cavity as a sore throat but is also ideal for counter acne because its effects arestringent help the skin to “regroup”.

Its relaxing and invigorating effects stimulate the body and mind, fighting cellulite, menstrual pain and even discomfort of menopause. The geranium oil, is for these features, considered very feminine essence and so much loved, as well as type of flower, also as essential oil. If you decide to try an essence of geranium oil, the market can be found in herbal or among the many online stores of natural products.Our advice remains that you consult with your naturopath or herbalist confidence before using it for medical purposes. Each of us has different kinds of problems large and small that nature over time can solve or mitigate but always and only with the right advice.