Year 2022

With the arrival of spring, a new flowering season begins for our small garden. Traditionally, tulips and daffodils color the first flowerbed. white, red and yellow, to begin with.

aiuola fiorita

In mid-May the first roses blossomed…
This year we planted new fragrant yellow / orange roses in the garden
They tend to be a little pink, but let’s see how they will become as they grow up

After the first colored and fragrant roses, the very white ones have also arrived that had already been in the garden for a few years … Let’s see how long this first flowering will last with the heat of late May

We are now at the end of May and the Piracanta has exploded with a white and intense flowering … Who knows how many orange berries this autumn will have if this is the case now?

he one in the photo below is instead a gift that enriches and colors the garden of 2022: Dipladenia is in fact a climbing plant with colorful flowers that must however be followed, especially in winter when it will be very cold in this area and certainly will no longer be in an environment favorable to her as in this period…

Year 2015

1st March

As planned and hoped, begins with a nice flowered snowdrops the season 2015. The melting snow and him, without too much waiting, check the grass and flowers for the first time by stealing at all … even to spring …

beautiful pink and in single file, exactly as they were planted, these Darwin, were the first to go, ahead of even the old ones more mature! Directly from the floating flower market in Amsterdam (Thanks Christiana for gift!), To the hills of Emilia Romagna, the step was short …

Out of every rule these tulips have blossomed with incredible lag behind all others. They are called Ice Cream and have the shape of an ice cream and see them for the first time in his own garden was an immense satisfaction!

I thought flourish in the fridge;-)

All together with a few cm from each other.

By mid-May here is also amaryllis, with all their elegance, beauty and charm … the speed with which they grew was really amazing … From  Netherlands to the sun in 40 days …

In June, and this is the first poppy with its deep red leaves almost no photograph

and with poppies, other small and colorful summer flowers that were waiting with happiness!

Should be white sunflowers but, as you can see from the picture, the yellowish is not exactly disappeared altogether. This hybrid sunflower nice result in the end is a nice large daisy high, for now, one and a half m. approx and the clear color!

Despite the heat and the sun of late July, finally the time has come gladiolus. The bulbs of these towering and colorful flowers arrive from Keukenhof, the famous park of Dutch flowers. Around there, in a small kiosk, one afternoon in late April, I saw them, bought and planted just got home … Here are the results after a few months 🙂

Year 2016

And while the world goes on, what once was a small screw it is about to touch the three meters and around learning!

Even hydrangeas planted last year are beginning to show the first visible results!

They are still tiny but over time grow and enrich the colors Garden ..

Water at will, especially with the early summer heat, plenty of shade, and the results will keep coming!

The First photos of 2016 are dedicated to apple trees, after about a year and a half, he begins to give, in addition to several flowers, even some small uncooperative in view of the final maturation of October. Given the temperatures a bit ‘fresh spring, we thought of a traditional pollination, slipping a feather on the stamens and pistils of flowers …

2018/’19 season

December 4th, 2018: Starting with the blooms in December is never good news. Perhaps a surprise, but the mild climate of these days has also surprised nature and see the first crocuses before Christmas surprise a bit ‘.
Blame the bulbs, the fault of the climate?
We’ll see how the spring will go…

Leaf, dew drops

April 2019: spring began with a dry and mild climate but, after a few weeks, the rain finally arrived … The blooms in our garden are a little late even if the first tulips begin to appear showing a little colored … Protected by wet leaves take their time …

Muscari, floers, garden

The punctual muscari with their intense blue never miss their appointment. As soon as the weather mitigates me and the days get longer, suddenly appearing, bringing color and joy to the garden.

Tulips, flowers, garden

Finally the tulips. When we are almost at Easter they finally bloom with all their beauty and the colors that distinguish them. They certainly could not miss in our garden.

Allium, flowers, garden

Despite the bad weather, even the Allium managed to bloom. It took a long time, because we are over the middle of May and this year the climate is still autumnal.

The time has come for roses too. With the first warmths of these late May our very fragrant rose garden suddenly blossomed like every year.
From now on we look forward to summer flowers and the last blooms of roses.

With great joy and surprise this small but high flowerbed of zinnias, begliocchi (careopsis tinctorium) and flowers that are still blooming and I have not yet identified well, has colored my garden even more.
Purchased in a bag of mixed flower seeds, I did not know until everyone blossomed what I would have had in the garden …
A real beauty in the middle of summer!

This wasn’t the best vintage for hydrangeas, but in the end, a couple blossomed anyway.
The largest plant has produced almost nothing, while the younger, smaller one has managed to give some small purple flowers.

October may end this year full of blooms. If May was very cool, delaying the start of spring, October is giving it mild climates that seem to extend the summer colors indefinitely.

The roses of October are now faded but, after so many blooms, so many attacks of pests, rain, hail and the intense summer sun to see them still bloom is an immense joy. Even the perfume is not sparkling like that of spring but it is there and that’s what counts!
See you next spring!

If you want to have the garden still in bloom in mid-October, zinnia is for you.
In spring I found in a nursery a bag of mixed flower seeds from which these colorful zinnias have sprung up, they seem to never want to give way to autumn! As one wilts, a new bud appears and the flowerbed continues to color the garden.
For months.

The lantana, finally, I tried to take it in pot in full spring even knowing that it is a flower that is well suited to Mediterranean countries and climates. However, after a bit of initial “fatigue” I planted it on the ground, where it began to grow and, to my surprise, to flourish again from the beginning of October.
We will see how he reacts to the winter of the Emilia hills.

year 2018

1. We are at the end of March and the first flowers to bloom this year, were the daffodils. Yellow and elegant, as always, color the world and spring.

2. April begins with the flowering of the frittillaria imperialis with its intense orange and its unusual shape

3. In mid-April the daisies fill the lawn while the muscari color the flowerbed blue. The tulips have finally blossomed and, with their colors, brighten up the whole environment.

4. May brings the roses that, with their perfume invade our garden and with their color attract the fascinated looks of everyone.

5. Finally, after two years of planting, the first calla lilies also flourish. Suddenly, on a rainy day at the end of June, with their white whiteness, I find a beautiful flower blooming among the green of the leaves that are growing endlessly upwards.

6. In July the hydrangeas begin to color and our garden is almost complete.

7. August gives us the first sunflowers with their strange pom-poms shape. While waiting for reds to bloom, we enjoy the intense yellow of these.

8. Even the red sunflower blooms when we are at the gates of mid-August. The heat is intense but nothing can stop this beautiful colorful show.

Year 2020

This slightly anticipated spring which has so far kept us anxious about the major problems related to the health emergency of our country, has certainly not stopped the blossoming of first flowers and the advance of the season.
With the first myths of March alone, the colors of tulips and daffodils also appeared

Suddenly we went from spring to winter and, while everything was starting to blossom and bloom, the snow came!
The tulips remained in their buds and the daisies closed again …
While the Daffodils are now braving the cold …

In this way

Finally, after a couple of days of mild weather, the first tulips also started to bloom.
The bright colors of this spring stand out among the yellow of the daffodils and cheer up the flower garden … They are only the first three, but spring begins to be felt now.

They suddenly appeared in the same pot where I planted the first tulips. These purple tulips with geometric and pointed shapes are much smaller but with incredible charm.
Here is the first

Suddenly popped at the beginning of April, this small white flower starts the flowering of a flowerbed of flower bulbs that I bought in Holland a few months ago. I don’t know what flowers will be born but, looking at this, the small bulbs seem to correspond to many white muscari like this.

This flower is also part of the “mysterious” bag purchased in Holland a few months ago. We are at the beginning of May and it begins to open, even if it seems more like an explosion in slow motion.
So, at first glance it seems to be part of the Allium family, but only when it is completely open will it be clear what it is.

Now the doubts are almost gone. Much of the mysterious bulbs contained in the Dutch flower pouch are Allium nigrum or greater garlic.
The height of these colorful flowers is, for now, approx. 60-70 cm and four of these are slowly opening up.
Others smaller, grow slowly. Over time we will find out what flowers it is.

As the blooms evolve, it seems to understand that this Allium can actually be an Allium ampeloprasum. It almost looks like a purple firework which when expanding turns green and, with its colors, fills the garden with joy

This flower is always part of the “surprise” bag of the Dutch bulbs and, although it has cost us some difficulty to photograph it, it seems to be an Allium Siculum.

The first of the two flowers that we gave ourselves with the reopening of the nurseries, after the lockdown, was this splendid alyssum. Here in the Bologna hills, I had seen many bushes grow vigorously and, I thought it was a good idea to insert it among the flowers of my garden

Lavender also immediately went to the shopping cart as soon as the nurseries reopened. I was very impressed by the incredible number of bees that revolved around this fragrant and famous flower and, I thought, my garden could not live without it!

How to use milk in the vegetable garden and in the garden and why it works

Using milk in your garden and in your garden will probably prove a surprise to many. The amino acids, proteins, enzymes and natural sugars that make milk a food for humans and animals are the same ingredients used to cultivate healthy communities of microbes, fungi and beneficial bacteria in compost and garden soil. Raw milk is the best because it has not been exposed to heat that alters milk components that provide a perfect food for soil and plants, but any milk will provide nourishment and benefits. Using milk on crops and soils is another ancient technique that has been lost for large-scale modern industrial agriculture.

Milk is a fungicide experimented by research and a soft-bodied insecticide – insects have no pancreas to digest milk sugars. Dr. Wagner Bettiol, a Brazilian research scientist, discovered that milk was effective in treating oidium on zucchini. His research was subsequently replicated by New Zealand melon growers who tested it against the main commercially available chemical fungicide and found that milk exceeded everything else. To their surprise, they also discovered that milk worked as a leaf fertilizer, producing bigger and tastier melons than the control group.

Recently, David Wetzel, a farmer from Nebraska, completed a 10-year study on the application of milk at different levels to his pastures and recorded the results with the help of Territorial extension agent Terry Gompert, a university soil specialist. , pest and insect researcher.
What they found was surprising: the production of grass has increased dramatically; the porosity of the soil or the ability to absorb air and water doubled; activity and populations of microbes are increased; the cows were healthier and produced more milk on the treated pastures; the level of brix or sugar in tripled pasture, indicating that more nutrients were stored in the grass than before. The grasshoppers have abandoned the treated pastures – the sugars are a poison for the soft-bodied insects as they do not have a pancreas to process the sugars. This also explains why insects will leave the plants alone healthy and high in brix, as they contain more sugar than those stressed and sick. Milk works as a fertilizer.


How to use milk in the garden

Reading these data (and not only), it is possible to use the milk in different ways, which we will list later:

1. As a disinfectant

According to Michigan State University, “milk has proven to be an effective alternative disinfectant for greenhouse tools to prevent manual transmission of viruses.” Instead of using a toxic bleach solution to disinfect garden pruners and scissors, immerse them in milk to disinfect them. Milk also prevents the transmission of many diseases of the tomato as the tobacco mosaic virus. As a bonus, the tools do not corrode or rust when they are cleaned with milk.

2. As a fungicide

milk can be used successfully to combat fungal diseases such as mold and fungi. Spray a mixture diluted on the surface of the leaves of the plants reduces their susceptibility to fungus infestations. Milk is also a powerful additive to improve the adsorption of pesticides and prevent the outflow caused by strong winds and rain.

3. As a fertilizer

Since milk is a good source of calcium, you can use it occasionally to nourish your plants. This fertilizer can be used for vegetable plants such as tomatoes, peppers and zucchini that suffer from rot. If you have spare milk, use it diluted (50% milk and 50% water) to water the plants around their base or use this solution as a leaf spray.

4. Check the aphids

Milk can be used to control aphids. Research conducted by Punjab University in India shows that the use of cow’s milk is effective against aphids, thrips and mites. According to the published post, high concentration milk (whole or 50%) was harmful to aphids.
Associate professor Linda Chalker-Scott, an urban horticulturist at Washington State University, also writes that “The leaves coated with a milk spray may be less vulnerable to the attacks of aphids” in his article.


Herrenhause Garten: the royal gardens of Hannover

The royal gardens of Hannover

Among the main attractions of Hanover the royal gardens of Herrenhause are, with over three hundred years of history behind it, symbol and almost untouched image of the culture and lifestyle of the royal dynasties of Hanover. The complex consists of four gardens with different dimensions and evoked atmospheres in which to get lost: the Großer Garten; the Georgengarten; the Berggarten and the Welfengarten. The first of these, also in terms of size, is not surprisingly called Giardino Grande, it is the Großer Garten, in the heart of the complex, it is particularly interesting to the many visitors who crowd the paths every year, since it has maintained the same structures of the time in which it was built, without having undergone invasive changes. It is one of the most famous and important baroque gardens of the old continent, offering visitors endless walks among the well-kept flower beds, hedges, sculptures and especially water games, in particular the Fontana Grande offers an excellent example with the its jet of water up to seventy meters high, which holds a real European record for the height of the range. The botanical garden of the University is located within the Berggarten, and houses over 2500 plants, particularly famous are the many different types of orchids. Inside the Georgengarten we find the castle of Wallmoden, which houses a museum entirely dedicated Wilhelm Busch, painter, humorist and German poet.

A bit of history

The royal gardens were not all designed in the same period, and the differences in style are clear evidence of this. The first of the gardens to be built was Großer Garten, referred to at the time as Grand Jardin de la Leine. The commission was commissioned by the Duchess Sofia of the Palatine Hill, daughter of the Bohemian Winter King, Frederick V, and Elizabeth Stuart. The duchess had gone to France, near the Palace of Versailles and was fascinated by it, in particular she was struck by the sumptuous gardens, a manifestation of the regal power and refinement of that culture. Not wanting to be less ordered the work for what is one of the most beautiful baroque gardens in Europe in 1666, and then undergo further expansion works between 1680 and 1710. To approach the French taste was called for the construction of the garden the master gardener Martin Charbonnier, a pupil of André Le Nôtre, the creator of the French garden and a friend of the Sun King Louis XIV. The Berggarten was created by Henry Perronet, in the same years in which the Großer Garten was extended, in fact the works began in 1677. Later than almost a century, on the other hand, the Georgengarten, after 1769, differs in the English style park.

Curiosity and events

Among the most interesting attractions of the gardens of Hannover, there is the cave of Niki de Saint Phalle, much more recent in style and artistic manners. Niki de Saint Phalle was in fact an eclectic French artist who worked mainly in the sixties and seventies of which are found in these caves the psychedelic shades, the games of mirrors and colored glass, which have made the cave one of the favorite destinations tourists from all over the world. Approaching the present and recurring events of the Herrenhause Garden, we must remember the KunstFestSpiele Herrenhausen, or the exhibition of musical performances, concerts, theater and artistic installations held in May. While from May to September the gardens host the international pyrotechnic competition, with some of the performers of the best shows in the world. The mixture of music and drawings in the sky of pyrotechnics, in the magnificent setting of the gardens, will be a sight difficult to forget. Another event of great tourist attraction is the festival in the Großer Garten, where on summer evenings artists of various kinds, from pantomimes to musicians to acrobats, animate the avenues of the baroque garden. Usually it is the theater in the garden to host the main events of the summer season, while in winter the Orangery and the Galerie are the stages for classical music concerts and variety shows. Another curiosity about the Herrenhause Garden in Hannover concerns an important recognition received in 2015, these have in fact been awarded at the European level in the award dedicated to gardens, as the winners in the category “best renovation of a park or historic garden”, further proof of a perfect blend of a fascinating present and a glorious past.

Where, how, when

Opening time
Large parterre and bell fountain © Hassan Mahramzadeh
Great Parterre and Bell Fountain
Throughout the year, the gardens of Herrenhausen (including Großer Garten, Berggarten and the conservatories) open at 9:00 am, the Georgengarten is accessible at any time of the day.
The Schloss Herrenhausen museum opens from 27 March to 31 October every day from 11:00 to 18:00.
Last admission one hour before closing time.

For more info on winter closing times and entry ticket prices, you can consult the Web site dedicated to the gardens ( in english)

6 ways to use coffee in the garden and in the vegetable garden

The generations before ours have taught us that coffee pots can be excellent natural fertilizers for garden and home plants and that, often what could be considered a waste, is actually an excellent product of reuse.

In this article we went to find out how plants and garden can generally exploit coffee in every state and love it almost as much as we love it.

1. Use coffee grounds in the vegetable garden.

This technique can bring great benefits to green leafy vegetables because it ensures slow nitrogen supply and lowers Ph, ensuring a strong and healthy growth of the vegetables themselves. The best solution is to mix coffee grounds on the ground at seed planting times to eliminate parasites, fungi and pathogen worms.

2. Fertilize roses with ground coffee beans.

What makes coffee very useful is that it has a high nitrogen content and can slightly change the Ph, increasing flowering, running the soil and thus creating a favorable means to support the growth of worms that naturally fertilize the surrounding area. On roses, you can also use tea.

3. Prevent fungal diseases

The antifungal and acidic properties of coffee make it an ideal supplement to eliminate pathogenic fungi and prevent the onset of debilitating plants, such as coffee rust. In practice, coffee grounds can suppress pathogenic fungi, including fusarium, pythium and sclerotinia.

4. Change the color of flowers

The dark brown coffee color of the morning can effectively turn the hydrangea into blossom blue! This is because coffee grounds have a capacity to lower the pH of the soil and hydrangeas change the color of their flowers in acidic soil.

5. Keep pets away from flowers and plants

Spraying used coffee grounds or even solid coffee beans on the soil, on leaves and around the plants can help keep pets away. It is simple, animals have a powerful sense of smell, and while the scent of coffee can elevate your senses, it has the exact opposite effect on your feline, hyper sensitive. For better results, spread a mixture of coffee grounds and orange peels.

6. The coffee is “good” for your evergreen tree

Evergreen trees like fir, pine and magnolia seem to benefit from slightly acidic soil. And ground coffee helps to change their pH as desired. However, it is advisable to do a pH test of the soil before proceeding with the administration of excessive coffee doses.

How to create the butterflies’ garden

Dedicate a corner of your garden color and particular perfume can be a unique idea to make it even more charming and attractive advantage, at the same time, to attract colorful butterflies in a dance of colors that only summer can give. The inviting aromas, nectars and splashes of color are a “natural magnet” for these fascinating insects belonging to the category of moths.

Hot to do

  1.  First of all, choose a corner or a flower bed in which you want to create your butterflies’ dedicated area  garden possibly sunny and sheltered from wind and strong drafts.
  2. Prepare the soil by removing weeds and, once cleaned, do not hesitate to mix it with a new soil or compost.
  3. On the back of the farm planted dalie and spurs leaving a passage of 50/60 cm between the flowerbed or what is behind it.
  4. On the front, however, distribute the annual plants in scattered groups to give a natural look to your butterflies’ garden.
  5. Cover with the mulch all over the surface to keep moisture and avoid growing new weeds. If you want, you can pass a small irrigation system to keep your bedding wet.
  6. Gradually remove dried flowers to encourage new blooms and ensure fresh nectar to butterflies.

The flowers to use

The first important thing to realize a  perfect a butterflies’ garden is to reserve a space for some “host plants” or plants such as parsley, with their leaves, can accommodate eggs and caterpillars. It is also important not to use insecticides in order not to compromise the growth and presence of the butterflies themselves.

But besides the dahlias and the Delphiniums,  which plants and flowers  can we insert in this flowery corner of our garden?

The cosmos bipinnatus may be flanked in the back of the flower to Delphiniums, ensuring that its height is equal to that of the other two flowers or at least, not too low compared to the underlying plants.
At the “bottom level” we can put flowering tobacco, whose height varies between 150 and 60 cm. Annual, with colors ranging from white to purple to greenish. The Tegetes erecta with a height of 90 cm can be inserted at this level, considering its yellow gold color.

At the “bottom floor” we finally have all the flowers whose height varies between 15 cm and 45: Petunia, begonia semperflorens, verbena and agerato. At the time of purchase in the nursery, care will be taken of each person to evaluate the order in which order and color to associate these last plants also according to the area where they are planted. Not all can flourish and last for the same period at the same latitudes.

Other plants and flowers to use

It is not said that the flowers and plants of the example can meet the chromatic and aesthetic needs of everyone, so it is good to know an alternative to them by season, height and color to create a tailor-made corner. So here are other flowers and plants divided by season, with some adjoining features.

Spring flowers

  • Sweet pea: Pink, white or lilac, can reach maximum heights of over 1.5 m.
  • Arabis blephorophilla: Pink or white flowers, it reaches 30 cm in height.
  • candytuft: white or purple, ground cover flowers, 30 cm high.

Summer flowers

  • Asclepias tuberosa: Orange blossoms, can reach 90 cm.
  • Big daidies:  classic white with yellow center, they can vary from 30 to 90 cm high.
  • Coreopsis: It is self-sowing and generally very yellow. There are varieties of other colors. Height approx. 60 cm.

Autumn flowers

  • (Astro del new England): Pink or purple, has a height between 90 and 180 cm
  • Vernonia noveboracensis: Purple flowers and height that can reach 1.5 m.
  • Golden rod: Intense yellow and heights between 30 and 150 cm