Facelia: the flower symbol of harmony and courage

Plant also used for ornamental purposes, Facelia is particularly suitable for fertilizing the soil and for the production of honey. in this article we will go into specific detail on all aspects of this beautiful plant.

Facelia is an annual plant belonging to the Hydrophyllaceae family and is of Mexican and Californian origins. Equipped with a rather deep root and an erect posture that makes it reach a height of about 1 meter. Its stems are hollow, of an intense green color and covered with a very dense down, while the leaves, also covered with down, are toothed and resemble those of Tansy.

The Facelia produces beautiful flowers also used as cut flowers, they have the shape of a spiral and a blue-violet color. They attract bees and many other hoverflies. Furthermore, the fruits have powerful germinative abilities, in fact when they fall to the ground they are able to generate new plants. It is a melliferous plant, therefore ideal for bees, due to its flowering and the abundant presence of pollen. Moreover, bees find nourishment here even in summer, when usually many other plants have already withered.

The facelia is also used as a natural herbicide, because it is able to release substances that prevent the growth of new weeds and is particularly used for organic agriculture, because it attracts insects Hoverflies useful against aphids.

How to grow it

Facelia easily adapts to bright places, where the sun shines for several hours every day. Its cold resistance is quite good in the first months of development, but it tends to suffer from frost when the plant is more developed. Its cycle ends in winter, when the plant becomes dry and therefore dies.

It must be planted in preferably well-drained soil, although in general it can adapt quite easily to other types of soil as well. It does not need regular irrigation as rainwater can suffice, but in case of long periods of drought it should still be watered regularly. It also does not need to be fertilized, in fact it uses the nutrients present in the soil. As for reproduction, the Facelia should be sown towards the end of February in areas where the climate is mild, while it is advisable to sow it in the spring in colder areas, such as in Northern Italy.

The seeds should be buried about 5 centimeters deep, in a well-drained soil, after about 50 days from sowing they will produce flowers for about two months.

Diseases and treatments

The plant is well resistant to diseases and pests. However, it may be that its leaves take on a blackish color due to a fungus.

It does not require special care, only the infected plants must be eradicated to prevent these from spreading and ruining the neighboring plants as well.

Curiosity

Facelia is considered a symbol of harmony and courage and, thanks to the color of its flowers, it is often also used as an ornamental plant for its beauty that gives a touch of great style to the whole environment.

Kalanchoe tetraphylla: the plant of good wishes and a new beginning

Kalankoe Tetraphylla, commonly known by the name Calancola, is an ornamental succulent plant with an incredible ornamental effect. It is an indoor plant that boasts colorful and colorful flowers, which make it very decorative indeed. Let’s see together everything there is to know about this plant.

The Calancola belongs to the Crossulaceae family, is of exotic origin and there are 120 different species. This succulent was introduced into the trade at the beginning of the twentieth century and has been the subject of incredible diffusion ever since. Kalankoe Tetraphylla has African origins and in particular comes from Madagascar.

This plant generally has a height of 40 cm and has large, fleshy leaves with a rounded appearance; the leaves meet in a central rosette with a compact shape. One of the most popular features of this plant is the color of the leaves, which are covered with a layer of bloom and are green with the edges tending to purple.

During the flowering period erect stems emerge from the center of the rosette, from which small flowers have life; the latter, tubular in shape, can have different colors: from pink to white, also passing through yellow, orange or red. Calancola blooms in winter and its flowers are similar to those of Echeveria.

Cultivation

As for exposure, Kalankoe Tetraphylla loves bright environments but not exposed to the sun’s rays. In any case, it is good to leave this plant in a place with a temperature not lower than 15 ° C. Calancola loves drained soils, rich in organic substances and adequately soft.

As mentioned, the Calancola blooms in winter. During the winter months it is advisable not to water it, while from the vegetative restart until the autumn season, watering must be occasional: the advice is to water it when the soil is completely dry.

For fertilization it is important to use a specific fertilizer for succulent plants; the advice is to fertilize once every 4 weeks, mixing the fertilizer with water and following the recommended doses on the package. Alternatively, you can use a slow-release granular fertilizer every 60/90 days to be dispensed at the base of the head.

Diseases and treatments in brief

Like most succulents, the Calancola also fears attack by parasites. The main dangers for this plant are:

  • Botrytis fungus, which manifests itself with the presence of necrotic areas and attacks the leaves by covering them with mold.
  • Phytophthora fungus, which causes leaves and stems to wilt and risks rotting the plant.
  • Puccinia fungus, a parasite that develops in conditions of extreme humidity and that manifests itself on the leaves, which are covered with light and soft spots.
  • Mealy cochineal, a parasite that generally proliferates in the lower part of the leaves.

In short, Kalankoe Tetraphylla suffers greatly from humidity, excesses and stagnation of water. To combat the parasites described so far, there are many natural pesticides on the market, completely harmless for the plant and very effective against diseases.

As for plant care, as mentioned, it is very important not to overdo it with water. It is also advisable to dust the leaves periodically using a damp cloth and favoring transpiration. Also remember to always remove dried leaves and flowers.

Curiosity

Not many know this, but Kalankoe Tetraphylla has an interesting symbolic meaning. In fact, many are often used to give a gift to a loved one when they go to live in a new home; this plant is in fact considered a good omen for a new beginning. Being a succulent plant it does not need special care and attention and for this very reason it is very often chosen as a gift to give to people who do not have much time to devote to the green thumb. With its bright and special colors it will be able to give a touch of class to your home!

Astrantia: the flower of protection

The plants of the genus Astrantia, which belong to the Apiaceae, Umbrelliferae, are native to Eurasia and grow throughout Europe, in the Caucasus and in almost all Italian regions on the hills and also in the mountains. It is a hemicryptophyte plant that reproduces by buds at ground level. There are many varieties, all deciduous herbaceous with a posture that can be erect, expansive and in many cases bushy. These beautiful flowering plants have large, very glossy leaves and a deep, dark green color, with deep lobes. They produce small flowers gathered in balls and umbrellas with a white color, spotted with shades ranging from red to pink and surrounded by bracts that can be green or colored and reach their apex in summer, very visible above the foliage. They usually do not exceed 70 cm in height and there are varieties with very pronounced but always delicate flower coloring, such as the Astrantia Maxima which has shades of antique pink.

Cultivation methods

Throughout the Caucasian European area, the plants of the genus Astrantia grow spontaneously in the undergrowth in a not too sunny position, but they love rather rich and humid soils, without however stagnation. They can also be grown in areas exposed to sunlight, but in this case they need to be irrigated more often and there is always the problem of soil drainage, which must be perfect in order not to cause rot in the roots, because Astrantia has a rhizome that does not tolerate certain conditions. They can be planted in the garden or in the countryside and are perfect for creating mixed borders even in areas where there are some stones that make it difficult for less rustic plants to grow. Depending on the variety, Astrantia can form beautiful bushes and therefore it is better to plant them about forty centimeters away from each other, so that they will be able to best express their natural shape. They do not need special care but in spring the soil must be fertilized with organic fertilizer, or a slow-release mineral mixture to avoid damaging the roots. Since they are undergrowth plants, mulching is useful in autumn, using prepared foliage, or mature compost to protect the base of the plant.

Diseases and treatments

Astrantia e is not afraid of cochineal or other parasites, although it can be a greedy prey for snails. The main care it may need is against stagnation at the base and around the rhizome, so before transplanting it you need to make sure that the soil is sufficiently draining.

Curiosity

The name of this plant comes from the Latin word for the stars and symbolizes courage, tenacity and strength. In the language of flowers it represents protection. The inflorescences can also be cut and last a long time in water and even dried. Some varieties such as Astrantia Major can be used as a purgative and diuretic by taking a decoction made with the rhizome, but the flavor is not at all inviting.

Kolkwitzia:the flower of maternal tenderness

It is not easy to try to beautify your garden or terrace without running into the “usual” plants. The suggestion is to include in the project one or more plants of Kolkwitzia amabilis, wonderful on the ground, in large pots and as an unusual fence hedge. Kolkwitzia (scientific name Linnaea amabilis) comes from China and is a perennial deciduous shrub that is part of the Caprifoliaceae family. Kolkwitzia amabilis has medium size (2-3 m high) and usually has a rounded shape. Its showy and abundant flowering occurs in May or June (depending on the climatic bands) and lasts a few weeks. The flowers are grouped in clusters and are shaped like small funnels, white or pale pink with a golden yellow central part. The stem is short and very branched. The leaves, with slightly wavy margins, are dark green on the upper page and lighter on the lower one and, in autumn, before the fall they become golden-yellow.
The cultivation of Kolkwitzia is quite simple: the shrub is planted in October-November or in March in well-drained soil, rich in organic matter and clay. It is therefore necessary to treat the soil in advance by adding universal soil, sand and a little organic fertilizer or humus. Its best exposure is in full sun or partially in shade and sheltered from the wind which can cause weakening to the point of compromising the health of the plant. Kolkwitzia does not fear low temperatures, on the contrary, its cultivation can take place in areas with a harsh winter climate. During the juvenile phase the plants require frequent, but not too abundant watering to keep the soil moist; during flowering the plants need regular watering, while during the rest of the growing season watering must be more sporadic. Fertilization can be slow-release, that is, using granular fertilizer every 3-4 months or using manure at the end of winter.
In spring it prefers fertilizers rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to favor the new vegetation of flowers. In order to maintain a harmoniously shaped shrub every year, a deep pruning of about one third of the length of the stems is useful after flowering. The multiplication can be done by division of the tufts or by cutting. The division of the tufts, to be carried out in autumn, allows to multiply the perennials into already autonomous plants. Bushes with well-developed roots are divided and buried in pots at the time of collection using a substrate of peat and sand. After about a year, these new plants can be planted in their final position, be it on the ground or in a larger pot. Instead, in summer (July or August), using very sharp and disinfected shears, 15-20 cm cuttings can be taken.
They are obtained from the lateral branches that have not produced flowers and are planted in a substrate of peat mixed with sand; after the formation of the roots, the cuttings are transplanted in the nursery and the cultivation lasts over a year before being planted (October). Kolkwitzia is a decidedly robust shrub, but it can be attacked by fungal diseases such as white sickness, typical of areas with high humidity. It is necessary to take action to avoid water stagnation, while more targeted treatments of pesticides or antifungals are to be carried out only in case of need.
In the language of flowers, Kolkwitzia symbolizes maternal tenderness and the sweetness of youth. The British call this “beauty bush” for its beauty and elegance. Its scent is rather light, but it is curious how on rainy days it gives off a clear fragrance of spices.

Angelonia: the flower of spirituality

Among the herbaceous plants of the plantaginaleae family we find angelonia. It is of Mexican and Central American origin. Its peculiarity is that of having slender caulas which, in height, often reach 30 cm. The main feature is that the flowers of this plant have a spike-like appearance, covered with lush green leaves. The heart of the flower, or the part that covers and protects the reproductive organs, recalls the orchid. Its range of colors, which depend on the varieties, ranges from white to pink, from purple to blue. The very elegant angelonia, perennial or annual. It grows spontaneously especially in the equatorial spots of Argentina and Brazil. In these areas the plant is widely used for traditional medical and therapeutic purposes, while for aesthetic purposes it decorates and embellishes the environment by showing off its graceful and harmonious peculiarities to the best, enriching balconies and flower beds with color. If cut, it is used for the creation of magnificent compositions and creative bouquets.

Cultivation methods.

The ideal cultivation for angelonia is in pots. It is important that the soil used is impermeable and dense with organic material. It is essential to move the plant from the purchase pot and place it in a larger and more welcoming one. Watering must be regular especially in periods of prolonged drought. The seedlings grown in pots should be watered every day, avoiding the water stagnating in the saucer. If you have a terrace, you can install a drip dispensing system to be placed in the pot, planning tailor-made irrigation without waste; in the garden or in the flowerbeds, a sprinkling system can be adopted with equipment that allows to diversify the micro-nebulisations by rhythm and quantity of water. The plant must be fertilized with a special fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium but poor in nitrogen. Fertilization must be carried out in the phase in which the plant performs its various vital functions. This wonder of nature can be reproduced by seed and by cutting. The queen season for the sowing of this plant is spring: it is carried out using a draining layer that best preserves the humidity and the temperature between 24 ° and 26 ° C. The combination of the right humidity and the right temperature favors the birth of the new plants in about two months. Once grown they will move either on the ground, in gardens and flower beds, or in individual pots. In the reproduction by cuttings, the stems no higher than 10 cm are removed, only the prominent leaves are kept which will be buried orthogonally with sand and peat. This mixture must always be kept moist to allow the plant to take root well. Pruning should be done by cutting off the newborn stems with withered flowers.

Diseases and treatments.

Molds aggressively attack the stems of this beautiful plant: therefore, we must be very careful if the climate is particularly humid! Should there be a colonization of mold on the stems, treat the plant with suitable pesticide treatments, preferably of biological origin since natural products do not hinder pollinating insects and, above all, respect the environment. If you opt for cultivation in pots, it is ideal to protect it from the cold when the outside temperature drops below 8 ° and 10 ° C. During the period of frosts it can also be kept indoors: the important thing is that it is not directly exposed to sources of heat generated by domestic heating systems.

Curiosity

Angelonia symbolizes placidity and spirituality

Oenothera:the the gardeners’ ham

Edible flowers can be considered tasty, healthy and beautiful toppings for your dishes. So why not try growing them in your garden or terrace like any useful plant in the kitchen? More than 125 species are part of the genus Oenothera, but among the most widespread and interesting, Oenothera biennis is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Onagraceae family.

It has numerous vulgar names by which it is perhaps best known including Bella di notte, Enagra, Rapunzia, Asinina grass, Evening primrose and “gardeners’ ham”. It is a plant native to North America that came to Europe in 1600 as an ornamental plant and only later as an edible plant. As the name itself implies, Oenothera biennis is a plant that develops in two years: during the first year it produces the basal leaves with the classic rosette arrangement, in the second year it develops an erect stem (up to 150 cm) and little branched. The basal leaves, oblong and oval, are dotted with small red spots, while the leaves of the stem, oblong and alternate, are lance-shaped with an irregularly serrated edge.

The flowers, gathered in the apical part, are large (3 or 4 cm in diameter), solitary, of a beautiful bright yellow and with four petals. The stem is simple, robust and with many leaves, while the roots are large and fleshy. Oenothera biennis grows spontaneously in uncultivated and arid places, in sandy or alluvial soils, from plains to mountains up to 1200 m. As for its cultivation, it needs a moist, well-drained soil made up of peat mixed with sand. Fertilization must take place only if necessary with a slow-release granular fertilizer every 3 or 4 months. Exposure must be in full sun and protected from the cold. The Oenothera should be watered regularly, especially during its growth. Its multiplication occurs by seed, which must be collected with all the fruit after the flowering of the plant; the seeds must be planted in deep holes in April. It is a plant resistant to animal parasites, but it fears root rot caused by stagnation of water. In the language of flowers, Oenothera biennis means volubility and inconstancy.

The difference compared to other edible plants is that nothing is thrown away from Oenothera biennis: not only are the flowers edible, but the whole plant is. The roots can be boiled and eaten in salads or stews or they can be taken in the form of an infusion against whooping cough thanks to its components (mucilage, tannins and mineral salts). Oenothera oil, obtained from the seeds, on the other hand has an anti-inflammatory action and is able to give results in the treatment of some dermatological problems (acne, urticaria, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis); it helps in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis, but also in premenstrual syndrome and asthma.

Moreover, thanks to its elasticizing power, it is also heavily used in cosmetics. In turn, the flowers can be taken in the form of decoction or infusion and, thanks to their components (mucilage, waxes and yellow pigments), they have sedative properties in case of cough and whooping cough. The British call this plant “Evening primrose” because its flowers open in the evening and stay open for the next two nights. A little less romantically, the American Indians rubbed the roots of this plant on their shoes to prevent animals from perceiving the smell of man.

Brunfelsia: yesterday, today and tomorrow

One of the most beautiful perennial plants is definitely Brunfelsia, originating in western India and tropical America, spontaneously spread mainly in Brazil. This plant is also known in other parts of the world and is particular as they have called it in the Anglo-Saxon countries, or “Yesterday, today, tommorow” because of its abundant flowering.
This plant has a very large root and can reach very important heights, from a minimum of two meters up to a maximum of five meters. The plant is formed by straight and woody stems in the lower part, semi-woody in the upper part, while the twigs that make up the crown are covered with a gray-green bark.
Brunfelsia has oval-shaped leaves with a pointed end with a variable appearance since in the upper face the color is decidedly darker than that of the underlying face.
The many flowers for which Brunfelsia is famous, sprout on the end of the upper branches or among the leaves, presenting themselves flat and equipped with five petals with wavy edges.
The color of these very particular flowers varies from purple when they have just blossomed, passing through a color similar to that of lavender (lilac, almost blue) in full bloom, to get to white before wilting.

Cultivation methods
Brunfelsia must be placed in bright, but partially shaded places, in fact in Northern Italy it is also possible to keep it totally exposed to the sun. In spring and summer this plant can also be kept in direct sun exposure for at least a couple of hours, but preferably in the less hot hours, that is, in the early morning or at dusk. In winter, however, it must be kept indoors or in a greenhouse because Brunfelsia fears the cold a lot, taking into account that the ideal temperature is between 20 and 10 ° C.
The optimal soil for its cultivation must be acid and well drained, preferably with a layer of clay and peat or a mixture of sand and silt.
This plant loves humidity so you have to water it often, especially in very hot periods. Young plants need a lot of water to develop roots and for a thick crown, paying attention that the soil is not drenched too much and that we remember to decrease the quantity of irrigation water in the winter period.

Diseases and possible remedies
Brunfelsia is not used to suffering from fungal diseases, but like any plant it can suffer from root rot caused by excessive stagnation of water. The parasites that could attack it are mealybugs and white flies. When it presents a yellowing of the leaves, it means that the plant is suffering from little light or an abundant supply of water: in this case the watering must be stopped and the plant must be moved to a brighter place.
To prevent the attack of pests, just help the plant with a pyrethrum treatment or manually remove the mealybugs with a cotton ball soaked in alcohol. To prevent the roots from rotting, just get well-drained soil and drain the saucer from excess water.


Curiosity
Brunfelsia, especially the American one, has the honor of inheriting the name of the German botanist Otto Brunfels.

Abutilion: the flower of meditation

If you love Malvaceae, you will almost certainly know the Abutilon and its articulated blooms: its name has Arabic origins and means, precisely, “Indian Malva”. Despite this, its origins are to be found elsewhere and precisely in South America, the place from which this evergreen shrub spread all over the world.

Commonly called “Flowering Maple”, probably due to the shape of its leaves, large and palmate like those of the maple, in reality it is in no way linked to that species.
Flowering is very elegant and varies from flowers similar to bluebells or hybiscus, to the more well-known “Chinese lanterns” of the Megapotamicum variety: it begins in spring and lasts until late autumn.

The smaller species can grow well even in pots, even if the Abutilon expresses all its potential in the open ground, reaching remarkable heights, such as the Vitifolium variety, which can be up to 8 m high.
Structurally, the Abutilon is quite resistant and a few small tricks will be enough to cultivate it at its best.
Let’s see how.

Cultivation methods

The first planting should be done in early spring, on a soft soil, rich in organic matter and well drained.
The tropical origin of the Abutilon makes him fear low temperatures and he wants a lot of sun: therefore, you will have to look for a well ventilated and bright positioning, both indoors and outdoors and, when it is colder, it must be protected.

The waterings must be adapted to the season: in the warm months they must be repeated often, always leaving the soil moist, while in winter they must be more rare and spaced.
During the vegetative period, the Abutilon must be fertilized every 15 days, adding a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants to the water.

Some smaller varieties, such as Abutilon Hybridum, can also be grown in pots, in the same way as cultivation in the open ground. The dimensions of the container must be quite large, so that the roots find space to expand freely.
If you want to repot it, wait until March.

Diseases and treatments

If grown on the ground, the Abutilon has no particular enemies: in the spring, beware of snails, fond of tender shoots.

In pot, however, it can be attacked by the red spider or mealybugs, but above all by the white fly: you can fight it with the common insecticides on the market, or try with effective natural remedies such as decoctions of nettle or horsetail, to be sprayed on the leaves.

 Some curiosities

There are about 200 species in the genus Abutilon, so different from each other that some are even considered weeds of crops such as Abutilon Theophrasti. And to think that, instead, in China these same species is cultivated for the therapeutic properties of its seeds and to create, with bark and roots, a textile fiber similar to jute.

Abutilon is a truly eclectic plant, beautiful to look at and although its flowering is so exuberant, in the language of flowers it symbolizes meditation.
But its flowers are not only scenographic: they are also edible and have a sweet taste, while its seeds are very nutritious and in Asia they are often used in cooking.

Iberis: the flower of indifference


The plants of Iberis, easy to cultivate, they originally come from southern Europe, in the areas bordering the Mediterranean coast. Depending on the specific cultivars, they can tolerate a little shade but bloom fully only when well exposed to the sun. As far as the soil is concerned, they are very resistant to drought and prefer the gravelly base of their lands of origin: for this reason when they are grown in domestic environments, they give their best in rock gardens, where the soil is well drained. With lush foliage of an intense green and showy blooms, the plants of Iberis are perfect for decorating perimeters, also because they do not reach a height that blocks the view of what is behind it. For this reason, Iberis is often used along the edges in the design of gardens. The blooms illuminate the green spaces in some cases already from winter and until May, with abundant flowers of a blinding white, which becomes more tenuous towards the end of flowering. In addition to the classic white, the color of the flowers can also be pink, as in the Pink Ice variety, and more rarely red or purplish.

Cultivation methods
During the sowing process, a distance of at least 15 centimeters must be provided for optimal coverage of the available soil. The most important aspect, however, is that of guaranteeing excellent drainage for Iberis, an aspect which, as we have seen, is truly fundamental in ensuring its vitality. Once they have taken hold and planted stable roots, the plants are resistant to drought, but it is crucial to water the younger specimens, especially during the warmer periods. This perennial plant prefers by far to be cultivated with an alkaline substrate: therefore the fertilizer should be carefully chosen, preferably enriched with potassium and phosphorus. Cultivating Iberis in colder areas is possible, taking care when late autumn comes to protect the plants from frost and the winds of winter with suitable systems.

Diseases and cures
To keep the Iberis healthy, you can remove the upper part of the foliage (topping) after flowering, in order to prevent the plant from getting sick and to maintain its compactness. This plant is resistant to pests and most diseases, however, attention must be paid to root rot, which could cause irreparable damage when the soil becomes swampy.

Curiosity
In the language of flowers, this wonderful plant symbolizes indifference, perhaps due to its being lush and pure regardless of the weather.
Despite their beauty, the flowers do not have a pleasant scent but are excellent for enticing the passage of bees, favoring the pollination of other perennial plants.
Many do not know that a popular cultivar, Autumn Snow, blooms even in the fall.
It is worth noting that Iberis is part of the cabbage family, making it in all respects a cruciferous, a name that generally recalls images of dishes full of broccoli. The common English name “candytuft” could mislead and make you think of candies, but it actually derives from “Candia”, an ancient term for the island of Crete, where the first specimens that came to northern Europe came from.

Delphinum, speronella: the flower of serenity

The story I will tell you, has a protagonist, a beautiful flower, the Speronella. Delphinum is a herbaceous plant originating in Europe, Asia and North America. Its very large family consists of 200 members or species and is part of the ancient Ranunculaceae family. She  has two nicknames, Knight’s Delphinium or Spron, but the most commonly used name is Speronella. His family is distinguished for years of life, annual, biennial or perennial and for its size, ranging from the smallest, about 50 cm high, to the giant that exceeds two meters. They are also known for their elegance and erect abstention, from which large branches with large, palm-bright green leaves stretch out, which in turn give way to thin eyebrows ornamented with beautiful flowers. The flowers can be simple or double, and can vary in color, white, pink, blue, celestial, purple and lilac, and taking care we can admire the brilliance for so long, from spring to late summer. Speronella, besides being famous for its grace, has a very important role in floriculture and in gardens, in fact it is often sought to decorate well-groomed meadows or to frame other plant-friendly plants.

Tips for growing
Speronella has a very specific purpose to enlarge its species even more, but in order to do so, it needs to know the characteristics of each, that is, the perennial, annual and finally the smallest plant.
The annual species loves not only the Mediterranean soil, stony and dry, but above all the climate, warm and sunny. The annual Speronella does not like to be moved here and there, but prefer to be rooted in the land. Its seeds are not afraid of the cold, and for this reason the right time to sow them is the autumn, which with the help of self-insemination, will give small seedlings spring in the spring. They endure the cold but not the frost, and before securing a fixed place it is best to seed them in pots to move them to sheltered places. The annual delphinium does not drink so much, drinking rainwater, but in cases of prolonged drought, it is advisable to have some watering. The perennial species do not agree with the shadow but not with the sunshine, so the ideal for good growth is a slightly shaded area. Like the annual sister, the Speronella perennial demands to be entrusted to fertile, well drained, but also fresh and humid soil. He is not afraid of frost, but also for her, in the absence of rains, it will take a bit of water, waiting between the watering and the other to dry the soil. In spring, adult plants will be planted, while in the autumn, from the division of roots and rooted cuttings, the new Speronelle will be born, ready to be invaded or transplanted in the flower beds, as a background to the other colors and to give the garden a wild and natural appearance.

Diseases and care
Like all living beings, Speronella becomes ill. To avoid it, it is advisable to remove water stagnations that cause roots, causing death. Its worst enemies are, the aphids that eat the buds and the snails feeding on their leaves. The best care to take care of the Speronella is therefore to eliminate excess water from the sink, not plant them too close to prevent the air from circulating a little, use a fungicide before the buds open and love so much.

Meaning, legend, infusions
The blue speronella: in the language of flowers it represents serenity, a wish of peace and a good wish.
Legend: a man in trouble, was saved by a dolphin, but his friends continued to hunt him, when Neptune, in order to avoid capturing him, transformed the dolphin into a beautiful flower: the Delphinium.
Infusions: With the Speronella flower, infusions can be prepared, which have diuretic properties, dilatation vessels and anti-inflammatory vessels.